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HD 66342




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Hipparcos red stars in the HpV_T2 and V I_C systems
For Hipparcos M, S, and C spectral type stars, we provide calibratedinstantaneous (epoch) Cousins V - I color indices using newly derivedHpV_T2 photometry. Three new sets of ground-based Cousins V I data havebeen obtained for more than 170 carbon and red M giants. These datasetsin combination with the published sources of V I photometry served toobtain the calibration curves linking Hipparcos/Tycho Hp-V_T2 with theCousins V - I index. In total, 321 carbon stars and 4464 M- and S-typestars have new V - I indices. The standard error of the mean V - I isabout 0.1 mag or better down to Hp~9 although it deteriorates rapidly atfainter magnitudes. These V - I indices can be used to verify thepublished Hipparcos V - I color indices. Thus, we have identified ahandful of new cases where, instead of the real target, a random fieldstar has been observed. A considerable fraction of the DMSA/C and DMSA/Vsolutions for red stars appear not to be warranted. Most likely suchspurious solutions may originate from usage of a heavily biased color inthe astrometric processing.Based on observations from the Hipparcos astrometric satellite operatedby the European Space Agency (ESA 1997).}\fnmsep\thanks{Table 7 is onlyavailable in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp tocdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/397/997

Polarimetry of 167 Cool Variable Stars: Data
Multicolor photoelectric polarimetry is presented for 167 stars, most ofwhich are variable stars. The observations constitute a data set thatfor some stars covers a time span of 35 yr. Complex variations are foundover time and wavelength and in both the amount of polarization and itsposition angle, providing constraints for understanding the polarizingenvironments in and around these cool stars.

Radial Velocities, Binarity, and Kinematic Membership in the Open Cluster NGC 2516
We present echelle spectroscopic observations for 36 bright (V<9.6)stars in the open cluster NGC 2516, including several blue stragglercandidates and four red giants. Radial velocities are derived bycross-correlations using high signal-to-noise ratio standard spectra astemplates. From 22 cluster members a mean cluster velocity of+22.0+/-0.2 km s-1 was derived. Membership probabilities ofthe observed stars are computed on the basis of their distance to thecluster center and kinematic criteria. We report the discovery of threedouble-lined spectroscopic binaries and several probable binaries amongmain-sequence stars. A binary frequency of more than 26% is found amongthe high-mass main-sequence stars. The blue straggler HD 66341 is aslowly rotating cluster member with constant velocity, while HD 66194 isa fast-rotating Be star with probable variations in radial velocity.Other blue straggler candidates, such as HD 65663, 65950, 66066, and65987, must be considered turnoff stars. The observations presented herewere obtained at the Complejo Astronómico El Leoncito (CASLEO),which is operated under agreement between the Consejo Nacional deInvestigaciones Científicas y Técnicas de laRepública Argentina (CONICET) and the national universities of LaPlata, Córdoba, and San Juan.

Absolute proper motions of open clusters. I. Observational data
Mean proper motions and parallaxes of 205 open clusters were determinedfrom their member stars found in the Hipparcos Catalogue. 360 clusterswere searched for possible members, excluding nearby clusters withdistances D < 200 pc. Members were selected using ground basedinformation (photometry, radial velocity, proper motion, distance fromthe cluster centre) and information provided by Hipparcos (propermotion, parallax). Altogether 630 certain and 100 possible members werefound. A comparison of the Hipparcos parallaxes with photometricdistances of open clusters shows good agreement. The Hipparcos dataconfirm or reject the membership of several Cepheids in the studiedclusters. Tables 1 and 2 are only available in electronic form at theCDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html

Ca II activity and rotation in F-K evolved stars
Ca II H and K high resolution observations for 60 evolved stars in thefield and in 5 open clusters are presented. From these spectrachromospheric fluxes are derived, and a homogeneous sample of more than100 giants is built adding data from the literature. In addition, formost stars, rotational velocities were derived from CORAVELobservations. By comparing chromospheric emission in the cluster starswe confirm the results of Pasquini & Brocato (1992): chromosphericactivity depends on the stellar effective temperature, and mass, whenintermediate mass stars (M ~ 4 Msun) are considered. TheHyades and the Praesepe clump giants show the same level of activity, asexpected from stars with similar masses and effective temperatures. Adifference of up to 0.4 dex in the chromospheric fluxes among the Hyadesgiants is recorded and this sets a clear limit to the intrinsic spreadof stellar activity in evolved giants. These differences in otherwisevery similar stars are likely due to stellar cycles and/or differencesin the stellar initial angular momentum. Among the field stars none ofthe giants with (V-R)o < 0.4 and Ia supergiants observedshows a signature of Ca II activity; this can be due either to the realabsence of a chromosphere, but also to other causes which preclude theappearance of Ca II reversal. By analyzing the whole sample we find thatchromospheric activity scales linearly with stellar rotational velocityand a high power of stellar effective temperature: F'k ~Teff7.7 (Vsini)0.9. This result can beinterpreted as the effect of two chromospheric components of differentnature: one mechanical and one magnetic. Alternatively, by using theHipparcos parallaxes and evolutionary tracks, we divide the sampleaccording to the stellar masses, and we follow the objects along anevolutionary track. For each range of masses activity can simply beexpressed as a function of only one parameter: either theTeff or the angular rotation Omega , with laws F'k~ Omega alpha , because angular velocity decreases witheffective temperature along an evolutionary track. By using theevolutionary tracks and the observed Vsini we investigate the evolutionof the angular momentum for evolved stars in the range 1-5Msun. For the 1.6-3 solar mass stars the data are consistentwith the IOmega =const law while lower and higher masses follow a lawsimilar to IOmega 2=const, where I is the computed stellarmomentum of inertia. We find it intriguing that Vsini remains almostconstant for 1Msun stars along their evolution; if a similarbehavior is shared by Pop II stars, this could explain the relativelyhigh degree of activity observed in Pop II giants. Finally, through theuse of models, we have verified the consistency of the F'k ~Omega alpha and the IOmega beta = Const lawsderived, finding an excellent agreement. This representation, albeitcrude (the models do not consider, for instance, mass losses) representsthe evolution of Ca II activity and of the angular momentum in asatisfactory way in most of the portion of HR diagram analyzed.Different predictions could be tested with observations in selectedclusters. Based on observations collected at ESO, La Silla. Tables 1-3are only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp tocdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html

The 74th Special Name-list of Variable Stars
We present the Name-list introducing GCVS names for 3153 variable starsdiscovered by the Hipparcos mission.

Open clusters with Hipparcos. I. Mean astrometric parameters
New memberships, mean parallaxes and proper motions of all 9 openclusters closer than 300 pc (except the Hyades) and 9rich clusters between 300 and 500 pc have been computed using Hipparcosdata. Precisions, ranging from 0.2 to 0.5 mas for parallaxes and 0.1 to0.5 mas/yr for proper motions, are of great interest for calibratingphotometric parallaxes as well as for kinematical studies. Carefulinvestigations of possible biases have been performed and no evidence ofsignificant systematic errors on the mean cluster parallaxes has beenfound. The distances and proper motions of 32 more distant clusters,which may be used statistically, are also indicated. Based onobservations made with the ESA Hipparcos astrometry satellite

The luminosity index for M stars and the distance to the LMC.
Not Available

An X-ray survey of the young open cluster NGC 2516
We present an analysis of a 60-ks ROSAT X-ray observation of theGalactic open cluster NGC 2516, which has an age of about 110 Myr and aless than solar metallicity. 159 X-ray sources (0.5-2.0 keV) are foundin the central portion of the Position Sensitive Proportional Counter(PSPC) together with six soft X-ray sources (0.1-0.4 keV). From theliterature, we have constructed a uniform catalogue of photometricallyselected cluster candidates. 65 of the X-ray sources are identified withphotometric members of NGC 2516, and 25 X-ray sources are identifiedwith probable cluster non-members or stars with no photometricmeasurements with which to assess cluster membership. The X-rayluminosity threshold is approximately 10^29 erg s^-1 and X-ray upperlimits are determined for a further 136 possible cluster members. X-rayemission is observed across the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram, fromspectral types of B2Ve to the early K stars which define the faintnesslimit of our optical catalogue. At least 73 X-ray sources have noplausible counterpart brighter than V=15. Some may be foreground orbackground stars, 10-15 are probably extragalactic, but the majority arelikely to be lower mass stars in the cluster. Three of the soft X-raysources are probable hot white dwarfs in binary systems with late-typestars. One of these may be in the cluster, the other two are foregroundobjects. X-ray emission from the hottest star in the cluster isattributed to a shocked stellar wind. 20 per cent of late B- and A-typestars are detected, which is consistent with the X-ray emission beingthe result of unresolved late-type companions. At least four out of thesix magnetic, chemically peculiar stars are X-ray sources. We concludethat this is probably intrinsic, although an explanation involvingbinary companions cannot be entirely ruled out. Many F, G and K starsare detected, presumably as a result of dynamo-generated coronalactivity. The peak level of X-ray activity is reached among the late Gstars, which have an X-ray to bolometric flux ratio of 10^-3. Thissuggests that these stars have not yet spun down below the empiricalX-ray saturation rotation speed of 10-20 km s^-1. Interpretation of thelate-type star X-ray luminosity functions is hampered by the fact thatthere are likely to be contaminating field stars among the X-ray upperlimits. The U-B, B-V colour-colour diagram for X-ray-selected clustermembers reveals an ultraviolet excess among the F and G stars of NGC2516, which is best explained by a less than solar metallicity,[Fe/H]=-0.32+/-0.06. Comparison with younger and older clusters showsthat the late-type stars in NGC 2516 do not simply obey the widelyaccepted rotation-activity-age paradigm. We suggest a modification tothe paradigm which explains the observations in terms of the differentconvection zone properties that late-type stars of differingmetallicities have at the same colour or mass.

Quantitative spectral classification of galactic disc K-M stars from spectrophotometric measurements
New spectral observations for 47 southern galactic red supergiantsobtained with the new RUBIKON spectrophotometer (developed at theAstronomisches Institut der Ruhr-Universitat Bochum) at the Bochum 61-cmtelescope on La Silla are presented. The spectra range from 4800 to 7700A and their resolution is 10 A. The mean error of absolute fluxes is0.028 mag and that of relative fluxes 0.021 mag. The spectra will beavailable at the Strasbourg Stellar Database (CDS). Together with datataken from recently published spectral catalogues, the new observationshave been used to define spectral indices as measures of the strengthsof the following features: Fe i+TiOalpha_1, Mgb+TiOalpha_0,NaD+TiOgamma'_1, TiOgamma'_0 and TiOgamma_1 systems. The indices havebeen checked against errors introduced by reductions, interstellarreddening and different resolutions of different spectral catalogues,and have been found to be very insensitive to all these effects.Therefore, different catalogues may be combined without any loss ofaccuracy and homogeneity. The mean error of a single index has beenfound to be 0.011 mag. For stars from K4 to M7, a strong temperaturedependence is found for all indices. For the Fe i+TiO and especially theMgb+TiO features, a strong dependence on luminosity has also beenobserved. These indices therefore have been combined to form aluminosity index, while the others together form a spectral index. Thecombined indices have been calibrated in terms of MK data using thestepwise linear regression technique, and may be used for quantitativetwo- dimensional spectral classification of late K- and M-type stars.The mean error of the classification is 0.6 of spectral subtype and 0.8of luminosity class, which is much higher than would be expected fromthe uncertainty of the indices alone (which, e.g., for an M4 giantcorrespond to an uncertainty of 0.1 of spectral subtype and 0.3 ofluminosity class). This may be explained by the uncertainty of theoriginal MK classifications and the variability of some programme stars.

Classification and Identification of IRAS Sources with Low-Resolution Spectra
IRAS low-resolution spectra were extracted for 11,224 IRAS sources.These spectra were classified into astrophysical classes, based on thepresence of emission and absorption features and on the shape of thecontinuum. Counterparts of these IRAS sources in existing optical andinfrared catalogs are identified, and their optical spectral types arelisted if they are known. The correlations between thephotospheric/optical and circumstellar/infrared classification arediscussed.

Vitesses radiales. Catalogue WEB: Wilson Evans Batten. Subtittle: Radial velocities: The Wilson-Evans-Batten catalogue.
We give a common version of the two catalogues of Mean Radial Velocitiesby Wilson (1963) and Evans (1978) to which we have added the catalogueof spectroscopic binary systems (Batten et al. 1989). For each star,when possible, we give: 1) an acronym to enter SIMBAD (Set ofIdentifications Measurements and Bibliography for Astronomical Data) ofthe CDS (Centre de Donnees Astronomiques de Strasbourg). 2) the numberHIC of the HIPPARCOS catalogue (Turon 1992). 3) the CCDM number(Catalogue des Composantes des etoiles Doubles et Multiples) byDommanget & Nys (1994). For the cluster stars, a precise study hasbeen done, on the identificator numbers. Numerous remarks point out theproblems we have had to deal with.

Asymptotic giant branch stars near the sun
Available red and near-infrared photometry and apparent motions of M, S,and C asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars in the Bright Star Catalogueare tabulated and discussed. It is shown that the red and near infraredindices normally used for late-type stars are interchangeable except forcarbon stars. The M-type giants are variable with visual amplitudegreater than 0.05 mag. The reddening-free parameter m2 from Genevaphotometry is essentially a temperature parameter for M giants, whilethe reddening-free parameter d is a sensitive detector of blue stellarcompanions. The space density of AGB stars near the sun decreases by afactor of 35 in a temperature range 3800 to 3400 K. Two of the S starsnear the sun were found to have nearly equal space motions and may becomembers of the Arcturus group.

First giant branch and asymptotic giant branch stars in nearby aggregates
The properties of the brightest red stars in several aggregates in theGalaxy are compared with theoretical models. 22 asymptotic giant branch(AGB) stars are identified, four of which are in the thermally pulsingAGB (TPAGB) phase and four of which are TPAGB carbon stars. Also, fourcases of RGB stars are identified which have accreted substantial massfrom the carbon-rich TPAGB precursor of a current white dwarf companion.There is general agreement between the observed and theoretical slopesof the RGB and early AGB branches, and quantitative differences betweenthe positioning of observed sequences can be understood in terms ofdifferences in metallicity and mass predicted by the theory.

Long-period variables in the Large Magellanic Cloud. III - Evidence of a kinematic spheroidal population
The velocity dispersion of the old LPVs (33 km/s) indicates that theybelong to a spheroid population. A rotational analysis of various diskpopulations of the LMC (H I, CO clouds, PN, CH stars, clusters, andLPVs) indicates that the transverse velocity of the LMC is about 200km/s in the direction of the Magellanic Stream, that the dynamics of theLMC is dominated by a single rotating disk, and that all populations inthe bar have solid-body rotation. The distribution of outer old LPVvelocities implies a mass of the LMC of approximately equal to or lessthan 6.2 + or - 1.5 x 10 to the 9th solar masses. The old LPV populationhas a mass of 1.1 x 10 to the 8th solar masses, or about 2 percent ofthe LMC's total mass.

Groups of stars with common motion in the Galaxy - Groups of red supergiants of the luminosity classes I and II
Not Available

Large and kinematically unbiased samples of G- and K-type stars. II - Observations of evolved stars in the Bright Star sample. III - Evolved young disk stars in the Bright Star sample
Four color and RI observations were obtained for a large sample ofG-type and K-type stars in the Bright Star Catalogue. Data are firstpresented for 110 evolved stars. Photometry of evolved young diskpopulation stars have then been calibrated for luminosity, reddening,and metallicity on the basis of results for members of the Hyades andSirius superclusters. New DDO results are given for 120 stars.

A list of MK standard stars
Not Available

The Perkins catalog of revised MK types for the cooler stars
A catalog is presented listing the spectral types of the G, K, M, and Sstars that have been classified at the Perkins Observatory in therevised MK system. Extensive comparisons have been made to ensureconsistency between the MK spectral types of stars in the Northern andSouthern Hemispheres. Different classification spectrograms have beengradually improved in spite of some inherent limitations. In thecatalog, the full subclasses used are the following: G0, G5, G8, K0, K1,K2, K3, K4, K5, M0, M1, M2, M3, M4, M5, M6, M7, and M8. Theirregularities are the price paid for keeping the general scheme of theoriginal Henry Draper classification.

Photometric metal abundances of high-luminosity red stars in young and intermediate-age open clusters
UBV, DDO, and Washinton photometry has been obtained for G and K starslocated in or near 22 young and intermediate-age open clusters. Nearly65 percent of the observed stars are found to have a high probability ofbeing cluster members, while the remaining 35 percent are likely to bered field stars. Five clusters (NGC 2383, NGC 3033, Ruprecht 20, NGC5168, and NGC 6249) probably do not contain any red giants. Sixteenclusters are found to be nearly solar in composition; three are slightlymetal-poor or metal-rich; one (Ruprecht 20) is moderately metal-poor(Fe/H = -0.3); and another (NGC 5617) is moderately metal-rich (Fe/H =0.3). None of the clusters with derived Washington abundances appear tobe enriched in elements of the CNO group.

UBV photometry and the structure of the galactic cluster NGC 2516
UBV photoelectric magnitudes and colors for 106 stars, along withphotographic magnitudes and colors for 486 stars, in the vicinity of NGC2516 are presented. A true distance modulus of 8.18 + or - 0.38 mag isobtained which corresponds to a linear distance of 430 (-70,+80) pc.Evolutionary ages for the sample are found to average about 1.1 x 10 tothe 8th yr, while some of the brightest stars are much younger. Possibleexplanations for these different age groups are proposed.

1988 Revised MK Spectral Standards for Stars GO and Later
Not Available

Near-infrared spectral classification of symbiotic stars
Near-infrared spectra of 16 symbiotic stars and 29 G, K and M standardstars are presented. The spectrograms are used to classify the coolcomponents in symbiotic stars. The equivalent width of the CN bandfeature at (7916 + 7941) A is demonstrated to be a quantitativeluminosity indicator for classes III to I in the (single) M0 to M3standard stars. Six of the observed symbiotic stars have temperatureclasses within this range and the criterium is applied to theirspectrograms. Accordingly, four of the late-type components are normalgiants, while the nature of two systems remains ambiguous. The resultsare discussed in the light of presently proposed interacting binarymodels for symbiotic stars.

Yellow evolved stars in open clusters
This paper describes a program in which Galactic cluster post-AGBcandidates were first identified and then analyzed for clustermembership via radial velocities, monitored for possible photometricvariations, examined for evidence of mass loss, and classified ascompletely as possible in terms of their basic stellar parameters. Theintrinsically brightest supergiants are found in the youngest clusters.With increasing cluster age, the absolute luminosities attained by thesupergiants decline. It appears that the evolutionary tracks ofluminosity class II stars are more similar to those of class I than ofclass III. Only two superluminous giant star candidates are found inopen clusters.

Mass-losing red giants in open clusters
Mass-losing stars in open clusters with main-sequence turn-offs atintermediate mass have been searched for by using the IRAS data base.The absence of many strong 60 micron sources in open clusters impliesthat intermediate-mass stars lose much of their mass during an intensewind phase of rather short duration. For stars of about seven solarmasses, this phase, if it exists at all, lasts for not much more than100,000 yr. For stars of about four solar masses, the intense wind phaseappears to last considerably less than 10 million yr; it may well lastfor less than a million yr.

Spectrophotometry of bright F-, G-, K- and M-type stars. I - Measurements of 60 southern and equatorial stars
Spectral energy distributions were photoelectrically measured from 320nm to 860 nm with a resolution of 1 nm in equidistant steps of 1 nm for60 bright southern and equatorial stars of intermediate and latespectral types for all luminosity classes. Flux curves for individualstars are plotted with a resolution of 1 nm and tabulated in steps of 5nm. Typical internal mean errors of fluxes measured in different nightsare less than 0.02 mag in the spectral range from 400 nm to 860 nm, andrise to a maximum of about 0.05 mag for wavelengths below 400 nm.

Narrow-band photometry of late-type stars. II
This paper presents extensive narrow-band photometry in the Uppsalasystem supplementing earlier published mesurements so that data now areavailable for all late-type stars brighter than V = 6.05 and a number ofgalactic cluster members. Numerous UBV and BV measurements are alsopublished. The data are used to determine relations for the predictionof UBV intrinsic colors for late-type stars from the narrow-bandmeasurements. The main purpose of the data is to constitute the basisfor the determination of solar-neighborhood space densities of late-typestars, mainly giants of different kinds; these space densities will becombined with narrow-band data for fainter stars in the north Galacticpole region to yield the decrease of space density with distance fromthe galactic plane for many kinds of late-type stars.

IRAS catalogues and atlases - Atlas of low-resolution spectra
Plots of all 5425 spectra in the IRAS catalogue of low-resolutionspectra are presented. The catalogue contains the average spectra ofmost IRAS poiont sources with 12 micron flux densities above 10 Jy.

Spectral types and luminosities of supergiants in open clusters
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1985PASP...97..297K&db_key=AST

1985 revised MK spectral standards : stars GO and later
Not Available



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距离:320.513 天文距离
B-T magnitude:7.513
V-T magnitude:5.392

适当名称   (Edit)
HD 1989HD 66342
TYCHO-2 2000TYC 8911-3387-1
USNO-A2.0USNO-A2 0225-03943060
BSC 1991HR 3153
HIPHIP 39070

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