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|The Stellar and Gaseous Kinematics in NGC 253|
This paper presents observations made at intermediate spectral andspatial resolutions along the major and minor axes of the starburstgalaxy NGC 253. The spectral ranges analyzed are in the region of thestellar Mg I b (~5175 Angstroms) line, in the near-IR Ca II triplet(~8550 Angstroms) absorption features, and in the region of the H alphaemission line. We compare the shape of the stellar features with thoseof reference stars and determine the line-of-sight velocity distributionof the stellar component by using a two-dimensional Gaussiandecomposition algorithm, and we show for the first time the rotationcurve of the stellar component in NGC 253. Comparing the recessionvelocity curves of the gas and stars, we show that the stellar componenthas a decoupled kinematics with respect to the gas, displaying ashallower velocity gradient and larger velocity dispersion than the gasin the inner regions. The minor-axis kinematics, together with thekinematics across the central 40" along the major axis, suggest thepresence of a rotating body with a kinematically misaligned axis withrespect to the main disk of the galaxy. The asymmetries in the LOSvelocity distribution along the minor axis, together with the steepvelocity gradient of the gaseous component, suggest a merger scenario asthe source of these kinematic signatures. The enclosed mass in thecentral regions is computed to be (2.4 +/- 0.5) x 107 Mȯ for aradius of r = 0."7 (10 pc). A double gaseous component in the central 6"is detected from the [S III] lambda 9069 Angstroms data along the minoraxis; this seems to be the signature of a superbubble, due to asupernova rate of 0.05 yr-1.
|Vitesses radiales. Catalogue WEB: Wilson Evans Batten. Subtittle: Radial velocities: The Wilson-Evans-Batten catalogue.|
We give a common version of the two catalogues of Mean Radial Velocitiesby Wilson (1963) and Evans (1978) to which we have added the catalogueof spectroscopic binary systems (Batten et al. 1989). For each star,when possible, we give: 1) an acronym to enter SIMBAD (Set ofIdentifications Measurements and Bibliography for Astronomical Data) ofthe CDS (Centre de Donnees Astronomiques de Strasbourg). 2) the numberHIC of the HIPPARCOS catalogue (Turon 1992). 3) the CCDM number(Catalogue des Composantes des etoiles Doubles et Multiples) byDommanget & Nys (1994). For the cluster stars, a precise study hasbeen done, on the identificator numbers. Numerous remarks point out theproblems we have had to deal with.
|A catalog of K giants at the South Galactic Pole - Broadband and DDO photometry and radial velocities|
We describe a sample of K giants at the South Galactic Pole, selected toexamine the chemical and kinematical properties of stars perpendicularto the galactic plane and to measure the local column density of thedisk. We report velocities, abundances, absolute magnitudes, andbroadband BV photometry for over 500 giants.
|Local dark matter from a carefully selected sample|
The precise data obtained by Flynn and Freeman (1991) on K giants at thesouth Galactic pole are used to analyze the amount of local dark matterin which the systematic effects can be modeled easily and evaluatedaccurately. The method of Bahcall (1984) is employed to solve theself-consistent equations for the distribution of dark matter. TheK-giant survey is found to provide significant evidence for disk darkmatter. Taking into account all recognized sources of error using astatistical test devised by Gould (1989, 1990), a model with no darkmatter is inconsistent with the data at the 86-percent confidence level.The best-fit P-model (in which dark matter is distributed proportionallyto known matter) has 53 percent more dark matter than visible matter.
|CA II H and K measurements made at Mount Wilson Observatory, 1966-1983|
Summaries are presented of the photoelectric measurements of stellar CaII H and K line intensity made at Mount Wilson Observatory during theyears 1966-1983. These results are derived from 65,263 individualobservations of 1296 stars. For each star, for each observing season,the maximum, minimum, mean, and variation of the instrumental H and Kindex 'S' are given, as well as a measurement of the accuracy ofobservation. A total of 3110 seasonal summaries are reported. Factorswhich affect the ability to detect stellar activity variations andaccurately measure their amplitudes, such as the accuracy of the H and Kmeasurements and scattered light contamination, are discussed. Relationsare given which facilitate intercomparison of 'S' values with residualintensities derived from ordinary spectrophotometry, and for convertingmeasurements to absolute fluxes.
|Large and kinematically unbiased samples of G- and K-type stars. IV - Evolved stars of the old disk population|
Modified Stromgren and (R,I) photometry, along with DDO and Genevaphotometry, are presented for a complete sample of evolved old-disk Gand K giants in the Bright Star Catalogue. Stars with ages of between1.5 x 10 to the 9th and 10 to the 10th yr are found to have anear-normal distribution of heavy element abundances, centered on anFe/H abundance ratio of -0.1 dex. The old disk clusters NGC 3680 and IC4651 contain red-straggler young-disk giants that are probablycontemporaries of the blue stragglers in the clusters.
|Large and kinematically unbiased samples of G- and K-type stars. II - Observations of evolved stars in the Bright Star sample. III - Evolved young disk stars in the Bright Star sample|
Four color and RI observations were obtained for a large sample ofG-type and K-type stars in the Bright Star Catalogue. Data are firstpresented for 110 evolved stars. Photometry of evolved young diskpopulation stars have then been calibrated for luminosity, reddening,and metallicity on the basis of results for members of the Hyades andSirius superclusters. New DDO results are given for 120 stars.
|Narrow-band photometry of late-type stars. II|
This paper presents extensive narrow-band photometry in the Uppsalasystem supplementing earlier published mesurements so that data now areavailable for all late-type stars brighter than V = 6.05 and a number ofgalactic cluster members. Numerous UBV and BV measurements are alsopublished. The data are used to determine relations for the predictionof UBV intrinsic colors for late-type stars from the narrow-bandmeasurements. The main purpose of the data is to constitute the basisfor the determination of solar-neighborhood space densities of late-typestars, mainly giants of different kinds; these space densities will becombined with narrow-band data for fainter stars in the north Galacticpole region to yield the decrease of space density with distance fromthe galactic plane for many kinds of late-type stars.
|Interstellar polarization from observations of A and F stars in high and intermediate galactic latitudes, and from stars in the Mathewson and Ford polarization catalogue|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1986A&AS...64..487K&db_key=AST
|A kinematic and abundance survey at the galactic poles|
The DDO intermediate band system is used to obtain detailed informationabout abundance gradients and velocity dispersions in the galaxy, withan emphasis on the properties of halo stars in the range of from 1 to 5kpc. The DDO abundance index is calibrated agianst (Fe/H) for metal-poorstars, with a resulting gradient of about -0.2 per kpc. However, whenthe sample is divided into two subsamples with (Fe/H) less than -0.5 andequal to or greater than -0.5, the gradients are -0.14 and 0.00,respectively. DDO observations of about 1000 stars, mostly G5-K5 giants,show that the velocity dispersion increases both with decrease inmetallicity and increase in z distance. The abundances found for high-zstars are similar to the A-star results of Rodgers (1971) in that abouthalf the K giants above 1 kpc appear to have solar abundances.
|The K-giant population at the South Galactic Pole|
CN anomalies and distances from the galactic plane have been derivedthrough DDO photometry for 171 late-type giant and subgiant stars nearthe South Galactic Pole. The previously found trend of the difference inCN concentration with distance (approximately equal to 0.09/kpc) holdsto approximately 2 kpc, but at greater distances from the plane theslope becomes approximately zero. The giants beyond 2 kpc are ofessentially normal composition or only slightly underabundant in heavierelements.
|Blue CN-absorption measurements of close binary stars.|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1974AJ.....79...34K&db_key=AST
|Catalog of Indidual Radial Velocities, 0h-12h, Measured by Astronomers of the Mount Wilson Observatory|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1970ApJS...19..387A&db_key=AST
|MK Spectral Types for 185 Bright Stars|