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|Statistical Constraints for Astrometric Binaries with Nonlinear Motion|
Useful constraints on the orbits and mass ratios of astrometric binariesin the Hipparcos catalog are derived from the measured proper motiondifferences of Hipparcos and Tycho-2 (Δμ), accelerations ofproper motions (μ˙), and second derivatives of proper motions(μ̈). It is shown how, in some cases, statistical bounds can beestimated for the masses of the secondary components. Two catalogs ofastrometric binaries are generated, one of binaries with significantproper motion differences and the other of binaries with significantaccelerations of their proper motions. Mathematical relations betweenthe astrometric observables Δμ, μ˙, and μ̈ andthe orbital elements are derived in the appendices. We find a remarkabledifference between the distribution of spectral types of stars withlarge accelerations but small proper motion differences and that ofstars with large proper motion differences but insignificantaccelerations. The spectral type distribution for the former sample ofbinaries is the same as the general distribution of all stars in theHipparcos catalog, whereas the latter sample is clearly dominated bysolar-type stars, with an obvious dearth of blue stars. We point outthat the latter set includes mostly binaries with long periods (longerthan about 6 yr).
|Observations of active-chromosphere stars - IV. Photometry and spectroscopy of CF Octantis (HD 196818)|
We present photometry and spectroscopy of the single, K-type,active-chromosphere star CF Octantis (=HD 196818), from 1982 to 1986.The photometric data show the 20-d rotation period seen previously, andalso demonstrate that the light curve is variable on time-scales of afew months, which we ascribe to variations in the properties ofstarspots. We postulate that a temporary dimming of minimum light seenin mid-1983 was a result of the appearance and later disappearance of arelatively small spot or spot group, which had a lifetime between 10 and24 months. The main spot appeared relatively stable during the intervalof our observations, with a lifetime of at least 3 years. Our radialvelocity data are consistent with the results of other work in that novariations above observational scatter are seen. Both the Ca K andHα emission are variable, with tentative evidence for the latterthat a lower emission level occurred near the phase of photometricmaximum, although the spectroscopic and photometric data were notcontemporaneous. The lithium abundance is found to be logN(Li)=0.45+/-0.15. The star may have evolved from a rapidly rotating A-Fmain-sequence star.
|Photometry of F-K type bright giants and supergiants. I - Intermediate band and H-Beta observations|
Over 1500 observations of 560 bright giants and supergiants of types F-Kare presented and compared to the observations by Gray and Olsen (1991).The present results include intermediate-band which is slightlydifferent from the Stromgren data by Gray and Olsen due to a differentwidth for the v filter. A systematic difference in m(1) - M(1) withdecreasing temperature is noted in the two H-Beta data sets, and thecorrelations are defined.
|Fifth fundamental catalogue. Part 2: The FK5 extension - new fundamental stars|
The mean positions and proper motions for 3117 new fundamental starsessentially in the magnitude range about 4.5 to 9.5 are given in thisFK5 extension. Mean apparent visual magnitude is 7.2 and is on average2.5 magnitudes fainter then the basic FK5 which has a mean magnitude of4.7. (The basic FK5 gives the mean positions and proper motions for theclassical 1535 fundamental stars). The following are discussed: theobservational material, reduction of observations, star selection, andthe system for the FK5 extension. An explanation and description of thecatalog are given. The catalog of 3117 fundamental stars for the equinoxand epoch J2000.0 and B1950.0 is presented. The parallaxes and radialvelocities for 22 extension stars with large forecasting effects aregiven. Catalogs used in the compilation of the FK5 fundamental catalogare listed.
|Radial velocities of southern stars obtained with the photoelectric scanner CORAVEL. III - 790 late-type bright stars|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1985A&AS...59...15A&db_key=AST
|Metal-Deficient Giants in the Galactic Field - Catalogue and Some Physical Parameters|
|B and V Photometry of the Southern RS CVn Candidate HD 196818|