|New beta Cephei and SPB Stars Discovered in Hipparcos Photometry|
We discuss 34 stars for which we detected new frequencies in HipparcosHp magnitudes. 13 of these stars are variables discovered in this paper.For 20 stars, we derive log T_eff and log g from Stromgren or Genevaphotometry.We classify one new beta Cep star, HIP 88352, two new beta Cep suspects,HIP 54753 and 88123, four new SPBs, HIP 1030, 39206, 46192 and 111147,and two SPB suspects, HIP 75787 and 98778. We find the last star to betriply-periodic and we show that the frequencies detected in Hpmagnitudes are present in the photoelectric observations of Hill etal(1976).Finally, we discover the hottest variable of the SPB type, namely, HIP1030.
|Catalogue of Apparent Diameters and Absolute Radii of Stars (CADARS) - Third edition - Comments and statistics|
The Catalogue, available at the Centre de Données Stellaires deStrasbourg, consists of 13 573 records concerning the results obtainedfrom different methods for 7778 stars, reported in the literature. Thefollowing data are listed for each star: identifications, apparentmagnitude, spectral type, apparent diameter in arcsec, absolute radiusin solar units, method of determination, reference, remarks. Commentsand statistics obtained from CADARS are given. The Catalogue isavailable in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp tocdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcar?J/A+A/367/521
|An extensive Delta a-photometric survey of southern B and A type bright stars|
Photoelectric photometry of 803 southern BS objects in the Deltaa-system as detection tool for magnetic chemically peculiar (=CP2) starshas been carried out and compared to published spectral types. Thestatistical yield of such objects detected by both techniques ispractically the same. We show that there are several factors whichcontaminate the search for these stars, but this contamination is onlyof the order of 10% in both techniques. We find a smooth transition fromnormal to peculiar stars. Our sample exhibits the largest fraction ofCP2 stars at their bluest colour interval, i.e. 10% of all stars in thecolour range -0.19 <= B-V < -0.10 or -0.10 <= b-y < -0.05.No peculiar stars based on the Delta a-criterion were found at bluercolours. Towards the red side the fraction of CP2 stars drops to about3% for positive values of B-V or b-y with red limits roughlycorresponding to normal stars of spectral type A5. The photometricbehaviour of other peculiar stars: Am, HgMn, delta Del, lambda Boo, Heabnormal stars, as well as Be/shell stars and supergiants shows someslight, but definite deviations from normal stars. Spectroscopic andvisual binaries are not distinguished from normal stars in their Delta abehaviour. The results of this work justify larger statistical work(e.g. in open clusters) employing more time-saving photometric methods(CCD). \newpage Based on observations obtained at the European SouthernObservatory, La Silla, Chile. This research has made use of the Simbaddatabase, operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France. Table 2 is only availablein electronic form via anonymous ftp 220.127.116.11 orhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html
|Red and infrared colours of B stars and the reddening law in the Galaxy|
The red and infrared intrinsic colours of B stars are derived fromphotometric observations through the UBV(RI)_CJHK and Hβ filters of257 early-type stars. Those stars for which the UBV and Hβmeasurements match the published spectral class, and which show no othersigns of peculiarity, are used to determine the intrinsic photometriccolours of B stars in the red and infrared. From these intrinsic coloursthe interstellar reddening relationships for the red and infraredcolours are evaluated, and the results are compared with previousestimates of these quantities. The values of R, E(B-V) and the distanceare then determined for the individual stars. R is confirmed to be closeto 3.1 in most cases, but was found to be much larger in somedirections. The relationship between R and the location of a star in theGalaxy is investigated. Usually the abnormally reddened stars seemed tobe associated with known regions of star formation. The paper alsoidentifies seven likely variable stars and a number of stars withpossible dust shells.
|The ROSAT all-sky survey catalogue of optically bright OB-type stars.|
For the detailed statistical analysis of the X-ray emission of hot starswe selected all stars of spectral type O and B listed in the Yale BrightStar Catalogue and searched for them in the ROSAT All-Sky Survey. Inthis paper we describe the selection and preparation of the data andpresent a compilation of the derived X-ray data for a complete sample ofbright OB stars.
|Vitesses radiales. Catalogue WEB: Wilson Evans Batten. Subtittle: Radial velocities: The Wilson-Evans-Batten catalogue.|
We give a common version of the two catalogues of Mean Radial Velocitiesby Wilson (1963) and Evans (1978) to which we have added the catalogueof spectroscopic binary systems (Batten et al. 1989). For each star,when possible, we give: 1) an acronym to enter SIMBAD (Set ofIdentifications Measurements and Bibliography for Astronomical Data) ofthe CDS (Centre de Donnees Astronomiques de Strasbourg). 2) the numberHIC of the HIPPARCOS catalogue (Turon 1992). 3) the CCDM number(Catalogue des Composantes des etoiles Doubles et Multiples) byDommanget & Nys (1994). For the cluster stars, a precise study hasbeen done, on the identificator numbers. Numerous remarks point out theproblems we have had to deal with.
|A new list of effective temperatures of chemically peculiar stars. II.|
|The distribution of interstellar dust in the solar neighborhood|
We surveyed the IRAS data base at the positions of the 1808 O6-B9.5stars in The Bright Star Catalog for extended objects with excessemission at 60 microns, indicating the presence of interstellar dust atthe location of the star. Within 400 pc the filling factor of theinterstellar medium, for dust clouds with a density greater than 0.5/cucm is 14.6 + or - 2.4%. Above a density of 1.0/cu cm, the densitydistribution function appears to follow a power law index - 1.25. Whenthe dust clouds are mapped onto the galactic plane, the sun appears tobe located in a low-density region of the interstellar medium of widthabout 60 pc extending at least 500 pc in the direction of longitudes 80deg - 260 deg, a feature we call the 'local trough'.
|Mid-ultraviolet and optical photometry of helium stars|
Mid-ultraviolet and optical photometric analysis of helium stars arepresented. A linear relation exists between the effective temperaturederived from model atmospheres and (1965-V)0 index. The effectivetemperatures derived from (1965-V)0 index are somewhat higher than thatof MK spectral type estimates especially for late B-type helium objects.
|Broad-band photometry of selected southern ultraviolet-bright stars.|
|Empirical temperature calibrations for early-type stars|
Three temperature calibrations of suitable photometric quantities havebeen derived for O and B stars. A sample of 120 stars with reliableT(eff.) determinations has been used for establishing each calibration.The different calibrations have been critically discussed and compared.Temperature determinations for 1009 program stars have been obtainedwith an accuracy of the order of 10 percent.
|Beta Cephei pulsation and the helium-strong stars|
Six He-strong stars are identified which may be good candidates insearches for Beta Cephei pulsation based on their location in a plot ofbeta vs (u-b). The significance of detection of pulsational variabilityamong the He-peculiar stars in the study of excitation mechanisms forBeta Cephei stars is discussed.
|Where peculiars turn normal - IR observations of CP stars|
Infrared observations of CP stars are presented and a Rayleigh-Jeansdiagnosis is performed. IRAS data reveal that all flux redistributioncaused by the unusual chemistry of CP stars can end at IR wavelengths.IR light curves are obtained for HD 3980 and HD 29305.
|IRAS observations of CP stars|
IRAS data are presented which indicate that the IR part of the fluxdistribution of CP2 and CP3 stars is not affected by their chemicalpeculiarity. In CP4 stars, the two low temperature dust shells found arevery similar to known shell stars, perhaps thereby indicating somephysical relation between CP and Be stars. The present use of the IRflux as an indicator of CP star atmosphere thermal characteristicsfacilitates the study of physical changes in these atmospheres withoutinterference from the individual abundance patterns of the stars.
|On the Effective Temperatures of Chemically Peculiar Stars|
|Statistical Investigation of Chemically Peculiar Stars - Part Two - the Stars with the Dispersion of Continuum Spectrum at Lambda 5200A|
|A catalog of ultraviolet interstellar extinction excesses for 1415 stars|
Ultraviolet interstellar extinction excesses are presented for 1415stars with spectral types B7 and earlier. The excesses with respect to Vare derived from Astronomical Netherlands Satellite (ANS) 5-channel UVphotometry at central wavelengths of approximately 1550, 1800, 2500, and3300 A. A measure of the excess extinction in the 2200-A extinction bumpis also given. The data are valuable for investigating the systematicsof peculiar interstellar extinction and for studying the character of UVinterstellar extinction in the general direction of stars for which theextinction-curve shape is unknown.
|Observational problems of investigation of stars with anomalous helium lines.|
|The local system of early type stars - Spatial extent and kinematics|
Published uvby and H-beta photometric data and proper motions arecompiled and analyzed to characterize the structure and kinematics ofthe bright early-type O-A0 stars in the solar vicinity, with a focus onthe Gould belt. The selection and calibration techniques are explained,and the data are presented in extensive tables and graphs and discussedin detail. The Gould belt stars of age less than 20 Myr are shown togive belt inclination 19 deg to the Galactic plane and node-lineorientation in the direction of Galactic rotation, while the symmetricaldistribution about the Galactic plane and kinematic properties (purecircular differential rotation) of the belt stars over 60 Myr oldresemble those of fainter nonbelt stars of all ages. The unresolveddiscrepancy between the expansion observed in the youngest nearby starsand the predictions of simple models of expansion from a point isattributed to the inhomogeneous distribution of interstellar matter.
|Effective temperature of AP stars - A comparison between several photometric estimators|
Effective temperatures are inferred for 28 Bp stars with theBlackwell-Shallis method. They are compared to photometric estimations,which are made with Delta-m(2100), (B-V)j, (B2-G), (R-I)c, and (J-K). Itis shown that (B2-G) and (R-I)c are the most interesting temperatureestimators for peculiar stars. A new calibration of (B2-G)0 is thenprovided for Si and He weak stars. Linear radii of Bp stars are found tobe similar to those of main sequence late B-type stars.
|A survey of ultraviolet objects|
An all-sky survey of ultraviolet objects is presented together with astatistical analysis that leads to the conclusion that there is asignificantly higher population of hot subdwarfs lying below themain-sequence than hitherto thought. The distribution of all ultravioletobjects, main sequence ultraviolet objects, and MK unclassifiedultraviolet objects are shown in galactic coordinates, and the absolutemagnitudes and color-color diagrams for these groups are presented.Scale heights are derived, giving values similar to planetary nebulaefor the hottest groups.
|Infrared magnitudes (JHKLM) for 105 chemically peculiar A- and B-stars|
Observational data for IR surveys of 105 CP stars in the JHKLM regionsare reported. The data were taken with the ESO 1 m telescope duringthree separate viewing periods, with four observations being made ofeach object. The measurements were treated for the mean SNR ratio, thestandard deviation of the mean signal, and the accuracy of thezero-point. Duplicate measurements were made of objects which weresuspected of being variable, and mean values were derived.
|The interstellar 2200 A band - A catalogue of equivalent widths|
|Photometric evidence for the appearance of the lambda 5200 flux depression in helium-weak stars|
Photoelectric photometry in the system defined by Maitzen (1976) wascarried out for a sample of 20 population I He-weak and He-strong starsin order to look for the presence of the 5200 A flux depression featurewhich is typical for cooler magnetic Ap-stars. The majority of theHe-weak stars show a modest, but definite enhancement of thephotoelectric depression parameter, while the He-rich stars areobviously too hot for exhibiting this feature.
|The infrared-excess of peculiar B and A stars. I|
Infrared excess at 4.8 microns has been found for 60% of 82 Bp and Apstars measured photoelectrically at 1.25-4.8 microns. The maximum excessis shown to decrease with increasing spectral type from BO to FO. Thecorrelation with the magnetic field adopted for helium-variable early Bstars does not hold for the whole sample of stars studied: there areseveral stars which show excess and no magnetic field and there arestars with a strong magnetic field and no or only small excess.
|Spectrum variability of He weak and He strong stars|
Photoelectric spectrophotometry of the He I 4026-A line in He-weak andHe-strong stars and some other objects is presented. The known Hevariables show unchanged variability over an 8 to 10 month period. Somenew He variables include HR 280 and HR 6647. H-alpha profiles wereobtained for some of the He-strong stars. The H-alpha profile was foundto show a variable emission component in HR 1890 and HR 3089. For HR1932 (Sigma Ori E) a fairly uniform phase coverage was obtained in theH-alpha profiles.
|Space velocities and ages of nearby early-type stars|
Photometric distances and space velocities have been calculated for 458B0-A0 stars with apparent magnitudes not exceeding 6.5. UsingStromgren's ubvy-beta photometry the effective temperature and theposition in bolometric magnitude over the zero-age main sequence of thestars were derived. These quantities were used to obtain age and massfor 423 of the stars by interpolation in the models of stellar evolutionfor the chemical composition (X Z) = (0.7, 0.03). A relation forderiving interstellar reddening for normal stars in the intermediategroup is given.
|Search for Beta Cephei stars south of declination -20 deg. I - Incidence of light variability among early B giants and subgiants: Summer objects|
|Spectrum and photometric variability of He-weak and He-strong stars|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1977A&AS...30...11P&db_key=AST
|The helium-to-hydrogen ratio in B stars, as determined from photoelectric observations of a narrow-band index of the He I lambda 4026 line|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1974A&A....36...57N&db_key=AST